Dehydration only happens when an essential amount of water and fluids leave the body. The human body is made up of 75% water. Without water, we feel headache, constipation, laziness, and in worse cases, our body functions may collapse. This is a small but informational guide that will get you through the tunnel of all dehydration problems, dehydration symptoms, and its effects in different age groups.
Unique Mechanism of Human Body
The human body works on a sophisticated water management system that helps us to maintain the intake of fluid in our body. We can increase our intake of fluids based on how thirst we feel.
During sweating, urine, walking, and doing many other works all day long, the human body constantly loses a large water percentage. Human body water managing mechanism works on great strategy because it easily moves water to the areas where dehydration symptoms or problems start showing.
Most of the time, the occurrence of dehydration is fulfilled by increasing the daily intake of essential fluids, but in severe cases, it is necessary to go for an immediate medical checkup.
Important Facts About Dehydration
- Around 75% or 3-quarters of the human body are filled with water.
- The main diseases that cause dehydration are lots of sweating, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Older and people with higher attributes are more at the risk of facing dehydration problems.
- Dizziness, dry mouth, increased thirst, and headache are early dehydration symptoms
- Athletes and especially those who are indulged in endurance activities such as races, marathons, and cycling read moreabout how dehydration can destabilize performance in sports.)
- People with chronic illnesses such as alcoholism, cystic fibrosis, adrenal gland disorder, and other heart problems.
Most Common Dehydration Symptoms
The early dehydration symptoms include darker urine, decreased urine production, and thirst. It is also important to analyze urine colour; it is one of the best indicators to find out the body’s hydration level. Darker urine means you are facing severe dehydration, and treating dehydration at this point is really problematic.
Symptoms of Dehydration in Adults
In adults, dehydration problems occur without feeling thirsty and headache. It is important for adult people to drink enough water during illness or in summer.
As the condition in adults goes towards moderate dehydration, the symptoms are
- Sore muscles
Severe dehydration means the human body will lose 10-15% of the water in a few hours. This condition may be characterized by the dangerous versions of the above-mentioned dehydration problems and as well as
- Sunken eyes
- Increase heartbeat rate
- Extreme dry skin
- Low blood pressure
Common Symptoms of Dehydration In Elderly
The root cause of dehydration problems in elderly people is lack of water supply and rapid loss of body fluids. Many senior age people, who suffer from Alzheimer disease, forget to drink water every time they feel thirsty; that is the main cause of dehydration in people suffering from this disease. Older people with the problem of mobility-impaired also fail to fulfill their necessary daily level of fluids. Urination is the common diabetes symptoms, and senior people suffering from this disease also face severe dehydration problems.
Apart from feeling thirsty, there are many other signs that may try to lead you towards dehydration, such as
- Low blood pressure
- An inability to sweat properly
- Trembling hands and legs
- Rapid heart rate
It is important to diagnose dehydration problems in elderly people before they catch several other serious diseases.
Signs of Dehydration in Babies & Children
Mild to Moderate Dehydration Symptoms in Kids
- Play less than normally
- Urinate less frequently (Infants suffering from dehydration will not use six wet diapers per day)
- Dry mouth and dry cry (fewer tears)
- Rough and dry skin
- A recessed soft spot on top of the head in toddlers and infants
- Decreased bowel movement
- Stools will be loose if diarrhea is the reason for dehydration
Severe dehydration cases in kids about already mentioned symptoms and signals
- Excessively sleepy
- Wrinkled skin
- Urinate only ones or twice a day
- Discolored hands and feet
- Very fussy
There are few drink recommendations that will help infants and babies to fulfill their hydration needs. Learn about them here.
Diseases That Causes Dehydration
The basic reason why dehydration occurs in the first place is not drinking enough water and fluids or losing too much water in one or two days. Sometimes, we are not in a condition to intake enough water due to a busy schedule, not enough strength to drink water, and being in an area where not enough water is available to drink.
Additional causes of dehydration are
This condition leads the human body to lose a large number of fluids. Vomiting makes it difficult to fulfill the deficiency of fluids with water.
It is a medical condition in which damage blood vessels leak the blood and fluids into other tissues of the body.
In this medical condition, the sugar level in the human body increases that cause instant loss of fluids and a high-rate of urination.
Learn some tips to handle the summer heat and urination problem in diabetic people.
It is the most common cause and symptom of diarrhea. In this medical condition, the blood vessels are not able to absorb the required amount of fluid from food. The body starts excreting too much water, which is the main cause of diarrhea.
Do you know the human body’s sweating mechanism responsible for releasing enough amount of fluid to fulfill water requirements? Hard physical activities and humid weather are responsible can increase the release of fluid through sweating. Fever is also responsible for causing dehydration because this medical condition also leads to vigorous sweating.
This medical condition usually happens in diabetic patients. But it can also be caused by frequent intake of alcohol and other medications such as antipsychotics, blood pressure medicines, and antihistamines.
How Do You Test For Dehydration?
One of the best ways to treat dehydration is to replenish the required amount of fluid in the body. This treatment can be performed by drinking clear liquids such as water, juices, broth, sports drinks, ice pops, and Gatorade. Dehydration problems in some patients are treated with the required level of intravenous fluids. It is recommended for dehydrated patients to avoid drinks that contain caffeine, such as tea and coffee.
Underlying dehydration problems can also be treated with an appropriate drinking method. This method includes fulfilling fluid deficiency with anti-emetics, anti-diarrhea medicines, and anti-fever treatments.
Problems Cause BY Dehydration
If dehydration problems are not treated on time, it can lead to several other complicated medical conditions such as
- Kidney Problems: it includes urinary infections, kidney stones, and eventually complete kidney failure.
- Seizures: it happens due to an imbalance of electrolytes in the body
- Heart problems: it starts from mild heat cramps to exhausting situations and eventually leads to heart strokes.
- Low Blood Volume: Less production of blood drops a significant ratio of blood pressure. It can also cause life threatening situation by reducing the required amount of oxygen from tissues.
Dehydration and Dizziness
Many dehydrated patients often ask this question, “Can Dehydration Cause Dizziness?” The answer to this question is yes; dehydration is another reason for dizziness. When blood pressure in the human body drops to a certain level, the heart is not in a condition to pump enough oxygenated blood towards the brain, and eventually, you feel dizzy.
Learn more about dehydration and dizziness.